Located in the north eastern part of Karnataka on the Deccan plateau is the city of Bidar. It is the headquarters of the Bidar district and shares its borders with Telangana on one side and Maharashta on the other. It is the northernmost district of Karnataka and often called as Crown of Karnataka. It is a rocky area with red soil and black soil. It is famous for its historical monuments and the beautiful Bidri craftwork which has a great demand for export to other countries. Manjira River is one of the main rivers which supplies drinking water to the city. Recently, Bidar was ranked 22nd among the cleanest cities of India. The whole city is integrated with 4 lane road. Landscapes of this city are mind-boggling. This place was formerly known as Mohammad-e-Bidar.
Bidar was once a part of the kingdom of Vidarbha. During 10th century, it became the part of the Chalukyan Empire. It also witnessed much turmoil during the early medieval period. At the start of 14th century, it was taken over by the Yadavas of Devangiri and later by the Kakatiyas of Warangal. Then, in 1428, it became a part of Bahamani kingdom and served as its capital. The famous Bidar fort was built by these Bahamanis only. Bijapur Sultanate absorbed this place in early 16th century which was in turn conquered by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1686. From 1724 to 1948, it was the part of the dominions of the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1956, it became a part of Mysore state which was later named Karnataka. Bidar along with Gulbarga, Raichur and Bellary is collectively referred to as Hyderabad Karnataka due to their close proximity to Hyderabad.
Bidar is a town being replete with monuments, legends, long forgotten battles, feuding military adventures and also of social reform movements which shook the very foundation and structure of medieval Hinduism. The central position in the Deccan had blessed Bidar for centuries but today it presents a picture of years of neglect and ruin. Whole streets of the town bear an odd appearance of having been shattered by a bulldozer which leaves a strange and ruinous feel to its roads.
The city is very rich in cultural heritage. Bidar has lots of historical monuments of great importance. The structure of the great Mahmud Gawan Arabic University is the best example resembling the rich architecture of Bahamani Era. The city is also included in the World Monument Fund’s 2014, World Monument Watch which will help the city’s local administration in sustaining Bidar’s rich heritage and also boost the tourist industry in this area. Major attractions of Bidar include:
Gurudwara Nanak Jhira Sahib
Narasimha Jhira Cave Temple
Solah Khamba Mosque
Dev Dev Vana (Botanical Garden)
Chaukhandi of Hazrat Khalil Ullah
Papnash Shiva Temple
Bidar has very limited options for places to stay. It lacks in the accommodation options in terms of luxury properties as compare to other cities. You will find good mid-range budget hotels and guest houses which are furnished with all necessary amenities in the city.
State: Karnataka District: Bidar
Languages: Kannada, Urdu, Hindi, English Weather: 17°C to 38°C (Max.)
Best Time to Visit: October-March
STD Code: 08482 Pin Code: 585401
Nearest Airport is at Hyderabad, which is 150 km away from the city. It has daily flights to major cities of India and abroad.
Bidar has its own railway station and is well connected with the major cities of India.
Bidar has good bus services from KSRTC, APSRTC and other private travels. Thus, it is well connected to major cities like Bangalore and Hyderabad.
Hyderabad – 150 km
Solapur – 193 km
Warangal – 290 kim
Bangalore – 690 km